The foetus in a pregnant woman becomes a victim of her own immune system when she contracts an infectious bacterium since her immune system begins attacking the foetus which may lead to stillbirths, premature births and even foetal loss. All of these complications currently have no therapy available.
If you are ready to take the plunge into parenthood, there are a number of things that you can do that will give you the best chance of a healthy pregnancy.
Here are five things to do before you get pregnant.
You may not be pregnant yet but quitting smoking at the earliest opportunity will help you embrace a healthier lifestyle. Recent research suggests that smoking can have a negative effect on fertility and therefore reduce your chances of becoming pregnant. If you have been smoking for years, the idea of quitting may seem impossible but there are plenty of things that you can try that will make kicking the habit easier. Alan Carr’s book, The Easy Way to Stop Smoking is a great place to start.
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Period pain or Dysmenorrhea is the pain experienced by women before or during a menstrual cycle. Period pain is nothing out of the ordinary. The condition is not a sign of a disorder and is pretty usual. However, period pain can be very unsettling and can affect the quality of life immensely, usually disturbing the usual everyday routine. Period pain is also known as menstrual cramps.
Period pain usually affects the lower back and abdomen area.
Dysmenorrhea can be divided in the following two types.
Common menstrual cramps are known as primary dysmenorrhea and it lasts between one to three days after it starts. The onset of primary dysmenorrhea may even start before menstruation and could also include bleeding.
Source by : wikimedia
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome ( FAS )
Fetal Alcohol syndrome also known as FAS is the name given to the pattern of physical as well as mental defects that often develops in the fetus when the expecting mother consumes alcohol while she is pregnant. In fact this is the term given to the entire range of defects and not just one. Alcohol that is consumed by the mother can easily pass through the placenta and reach the fetus when the woman is with child. This is one of the reasons why consumption of alcohol is considered to be risky while a woman is pregnant.
Source : wikipedia
The alcohol directly affects the brain of the fetus and the risk is often high even if small amounts of alcohol is consumed regularly, which is why there two major factors that result in fetal alcohol are frequency and the timing of alcohol consumption. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is the most extreme form in the whole spectrum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and when the alcohol crosses the placental barrier then it can damage the brain structures and neurons in the fetus, stunt the weight or growth and also create very distinctive facial stigmata leading to various physical, behavioral as well as psychological problems.
Over 750,000 women are suffering from acute pelvic inflammatory diseases and approximately one (1) in every eight (8) sexually active adolescent have a chance of developing pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms the moment even before they reach the age of twenty (20).
What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is an infection which occurs in the uterus lining, ovaries and fallopian tubes of women yet Pelvic inflammatory disease men is also known to exist which is medically defined as inflammation in the penis.
Source : wikimedia
What are the Signs of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
PID in women and men vary from one another. Women Pelvic Inflammatory Disease patients are most likely to experience pain or tenderness in their lower abdomen, fever and chills, bleeding between their menstrual periods, pain during sexual intercourse, nausea and vomiting, increase or sudden decrease of vaginal discharge and frequent or painful urination. As for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease men symptoms it is characterized by the experience of pain or burning sensation during urination and pus-like discharge from the penis which is quite similar with symptoms of other sexually transmitted disease like gonorrhea and Chlamydia.
What are Cervical Polyps?
Cervical polyps are small, soft, abnormal fingerlike growths which protrude on the mouth of the cervix, the part of the uterus which is also referred to as the neck of the womb. This is very typically during pregnancy and is attributed to hormonal changes which occur in the body of the woman. During this stage, she may have more than one polyp which can grow in the mouth of her cervix.
Cervical polyps are often less than one centimeter in diameter and are distinguished due to its bright red color and spongy texture. This may be found attached to the cervix through a stalk or at times it may prolapse into the vagina wherein it is often mistaken as a submucosal fibroid or endometrial polyps. Only less than 1% of cervical polyp show neoplastic changes and form cervical cancer.
Are cervical Polyps Cancerous?
Almost 99% of polyps are not cervical cancers but it may cause blockage to the cervix which will result to pregnancy related problems. Moreover, once removed it is very unlikely to re-grow.
Nevertheless, doctors always recommend a biopsy examination of the polyp just to guarantee that it is not cancerous in any way. Furthermore, patients should never be hesitant when the doctor recommends that it be removed through surgery because there is a possibility that it may grow in size and pose more danger to the body.
Source : wikipedia