Periodontal Disease

Some people seldom pay attention to their dental needs but most doctors recommend practice of good dental hygiene if anyone wishes to avoid more complicated health issues.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal diseases are complications which affect the gums, bones and surrounding tissues that surround or support the teeth. It is best characterized by swollen and red gums which bleed easily.

Different Stages of Periodontal Disease

Only a few individuals are aware of the different stages associated with periodontal disease. However, increased knowledge of this will greatly prevent the onset of other oral problems and serious complications from arising.

Source : wikipedia


This is the first stage of periodontal disease. It begins to strike when bacteria accumulation has invaded the gums and soft tissues of the mouth. Prior to reaching this stage, the mouth may have experienced unusual build-up of plaque and tartar on the teeth but was left unattended by the person.

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Pernicious Anemia

Pernicious anemia is a type of disorder involving the red blood cell count of the body due to its inability to absorb Vitamin B12 from the gastrointestinal tract. These result to decreased red blood cell count which leads to certain complications in the body.

What are the Terms for Pernicious Anemia?

Pernicious anemia can also be referred to as congenital pernicious anemia for those type which was developed during birth probably due to genetic factors; Vitamin B12 deficiency mal-absorption; Juvenile pernicious anemia; and Macrocytic achylic anemia.

What is the Importance of Vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 is typically found in animal products like shellfish, eggs, meat and eggs. It is important because it helps the body create blood cells which is vital in the health and maintenance of the nervous system. Lack of it will result to blood count and quality complications which is a major cause of anemia.

Pernicious Anemia

Source : flickr

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Build Smart Breathe Easier – Reflects the Philanthropic Side of Merck

With every passing year, asthma patients are increasing all over the world and its rate is increasing at an alarming rate in America and more than 24 million people are victims of this chronic disease.

Merck has taken a crucial step to help out the asthma patients in fighting against this disease and it has started “Build Smart, Breathe Easier” campaign. The sole purpose of this campaign is to create awareness among people and build an asthma healthy home for the needy people.

Habitat for Humanity, the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) and HGTV personality and carpenter Carter Oosterhouse are the official partners of this campaign. Carter Oosterhouse from HGTV said, “A house built with materials that are easy to clean and less likely to contain irritants, such as hard-surface floors or non-toxic paint, may have a positive impact on a family, especially one dealing with asthma.

Smart Breathe Easier

Source : multivu

I am excited to be a part of this program which will help build sustainable homes with asthma-friendly features in partnership with low income families and will also educate about simple ways to try to reduce and avoid common household asthma triggers.”

The collaboration of key players with Merck will help it to accomplish its mission. Dr. Gokul Gopalan, regional director of Medical Affairs, Respiratory, Merck said, “We are pleased to partner with these experts to build homes with asthma-healthy features and educate about the importance of a healthy indoor environment, coupled with proper asthma management, Build Smart, Breathe Easier reinforces Merck’s ongoing commitment to educate people about their asthma and provide appropriate treatment options to physicians and their patients.”

HGTV Personality and Carpenter Carter Oosterhouse, Habitat for Humanity and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America join Merck to Launch Build Smart, Breathe Easier

Habitat for Humanity and Merck Fight Asthma, Larry Gluth senior vice president of U.S. and Canada for Habitat for Humanity said, “At Habitat for Humanity, our mission is to provide simple, decent and affordable shelter in partnership with low-income families, we are excited to partner on Build Smart, Breathe Easier to complement our mission and help improve the lives of our partnering families.” “Build Smart, Breathe Easier” is expected to set milestones for others.

Delusional Disorder

What is Delusional Disorder?

Delusional disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by persistent non bizarre delusions. Unlike other mental disorders, the person with delusional disorder does not appear strange during this condition. Women are more affected than men.

What are the Subtypes of Delusional Disorder?

Grandiose Delusional Disorder

A person with grandiose delusional disorder often exaggerates his own abilities and conditions like wealth, knowledge, power etc. The expression of primary symptoms of grandiose delusional disorder may cause discomfort to the patient’s friends and relatives.

Erotomanic Delusional Disorder

Someone with erotomanic delusional disorder thinks that they are in love with a celebrity and might try to contact them. The person will be in a state of love obsession.

Jealous Delusional Disorder

Jealousy delusional disorder is also known as Othello syndrome or morbid jealousy. A person with jealousy delusional disorder always doubts his partner having sex with others.

Delusional Disorder

Source : flickr

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What is Rectocele?

Rectocele is a condition wherein the front wall of the rectum towards the vagina develops a bulge.

Causes of Rectocele?

One of the major causes of rectocele in women is the weakening of the pelvic structures as well as the thinning of the recto-vaginal septum. Due to the weakening and thinning of the rectal walls, it results to its ballooning which is manifested in the vagina every time the individual pushes down during regular bowel movement.

Other factor which may trigger rectocele includes the following

  • Birth trauma like difficult, prolonged or multiple deliveries
  • Application of forces and other methods during deliver
  • Episiotomy into the anal sphincter muscles or rectum
  • History of constipation
  • Strain in bowel movement
  • Hysterectomy
  • Old age

Source : wikipedia

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Somatization Disorder

What is Somatization Disorder

Somatization Disorder is a psychological disorder which results to physical impairments that results to disrupted social lifestyle. He or she experiences several physical and mental discomforts like depression yet the moment this is diagnosed by the physician, he or she cannot find any physical cause for the ailment. Amidst the different laboratory tests and examinations known to medical practitioners, the results of the medical evaluation do not point to any possible reason why the patient suffers from such conditions. Thus, it is qualified as a somatoform disorder which is manifested in his bodily actions.

Mood disorders like somatization disorder typically appear in women before they reach the age of thirty. It is mostly associated with emotional stress resulting to chronic complaint of pain that apparently only happens in her head. The patients completely believe that the pain she experiences is triggered by some abnormal function in her body yet in reality it is all but psychological. Typical complaints of patients with somatization disorder includes depression, palpitations, dizziness, chest pain, amnesia, abdominal pain, pain in the legs, headaches, impotence, shortness of breath, vision changes, joint pain, painful menstruation, sexual apathy, bloating, pain during intercourse, paralysis, nausea and diarrhea.

What are the Causes of Somatization Disorder?

The following are the possible reasons for the onset of somatization disorder.

Somatization Disorder

Source : flickr

Defense Mechanism of the Individual

Psychiatrists and even physicians believe that somatization disorder is triggered because of the individual’s desire to relieve her self of psychological distress. Instead of enduring depression an anxiety, the mind of the patient results to the development of physical ailments so as to deviate the individual from the real cause of the problem.

Typically patients who develop somatization disorder desire to be nurtured and cared for which for them can only be attained if they will suffer from any biological abnormality.

Heightened Sensitivity towards Physical Sensations

Another factor which psychiatrists are investigating is the heightened sensitivity towards physical sensations that are manifested by patients. Compared to normal individuals, these patients are keenly aware of even the slightest pain and discomforts which others simply ignore. This makes it closely related to panic disorders, a condition wherein the individual becomes over sensitive to internal sensations like heartbeat rate and breathing rate.

Catastrophic Thinking in Relation to Physical Sensations

Somatization disorder is also associated with negative beliefs as well as exaggerated fears in relation to physical sensations. They have the tendency to overreach to vague physical symptoms and will consider these signs of a more serious and fatal disease which requires immediate treatment. For instance, a simple headache will be associated with brain tumor while shortness of breath to lung disorder. This results to the individual’s lack of social interaction in fear that these activities will only increase the risk of worsening their condition.

Somatization Disorder Symptoms

There are four criteria which must be met before the individual can be fully accepted as suffering from somatization disorder.

These are as follow

  • The individual must be suffering from pain in at least four different parts of the body which may be the chest, joint, back or head.
  • The individual must have a history of at least two gastrointestinal symptoms like bloating, food intolerance and nausea.
  • The individual must have at least one history of sexual disorder like irregular menstrual period, vomiting throughout pregnancy, lack of interest in sex and problems involving erection or ejaculation.
  • The individual must exhibit at least one neurological condition like depression symptoms, paralysis, weakness, seizures, loss of sensations, amnesia, difficulty in swallowing, and loss of consciousness.

The physician and the psychiatrist will then further evaluate this condition to check if the symptoms complained by the patient are not triggered by another factor like current drug medication then the medical case will then be classified as a form of somatization disorder.

Somatization Disorder

Source : flickr


Source : flickr

panic disorders

Source : flickr

Somatization Disorder Treatment

The best way to treat somatization disorder is through cognitive behavior therapy. In as much as drug medication like the use of anti-depressant drugs can be used, it is not the best way to help patients with somatization disorder.

Cognitive behavior therapy is conducted by a psychiatrist and aims to transform the negative patterns of thoughts of the patients into positive ones. The psychiatrist helps the patient distinguish dysfunctional thinking from reality of physical sensations. He or she will then learn how to become a rational thinker when it comes to the recognition of certain physical abnormalities he or she experiences.

One way of helping patients through cognitive therapy techniques is additional physical activities. This strategy will make their minds busier and less focused on the way their body responds to different types of stimulus. It also relieves them of worries, fears and anxieties while developing an interest in physical activities. This is accompanied with sleep hygiene, relaxation training and communication skills training.